Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA)

Over the time, The European Union has developed a wide spectrum of external assistance programmes, which has resulted in the preparation of complex set of more than thirty various legal instruments. A need to simplify coherency and improve uniformity, as well as to achieve better results and higher influence with available funds has resulted in fact that the European Union proposed a new structure for external activities in September 2004.  There are six proposed instruments of external relations that will be applied from 2007 to 2013, including also the new instrument of pre-accession assistance - IPA. IPA has a goal to facilitate the access of candidate countries and potential candidate countries into the European Union at the crossing point of external support and internal politics.

Objectives and Frameworks of Actions
IPA is the instrument which is directly related to access and which will enable that all requirements of accession process are fulfilled, especially when it comes to priorities, monitoring and assessment. IPA will replace previous pre-accession instruments (PHARE, ISPA, SAPARD and CARDS).
In order to simplify and coordinate external support, the main objective the one is led while designing IPA, is to rationalise all pre-accession assistance into the unique framework and to unify both candidates and potential candidates under the same instrument, thus facilitating their transfer from one status to another.

IPA Components
•    Assistance in Transitional and Institutional Building Process
•    Cross-border Cooperation
•    Regional Development
•    Human Resources Development
•    Rural Development

IPA Support
IPA support to potential candidate countries will be focused on institutional building, especially on strengthening the political aspects of Criteria from Copenhagen by improving administrative and judicial capacities and by supporting certain harmonisations with Acquis Communautaire. Also, IPA regulations predict promotion of economic and social development. In addition, potential candidates will be able to use funds for institutional building in order to build their capacities and to make sure that certain programme and manager structures are ready to start preparing for managing structural funds at the moment they become candidate countries. 
It has already been established that all Western Balkan countries are potential candidates, so in the process of designing IPA regulations no exceptions have been made when it comes to the date of improving status or accessing any of the countries. Regulations are designed in flexible manner so that they are adjusted to these events, when they happen, in accordance to legal procedures regulating such improvements.
Duration of the processes leading a state closer to the EU depend on speed of political, economic, judicial and administrative reforms carried out by the state.  EU supports these reform processes not only through financial assistance but also through intensive political advising and dialogues. Obviously, the state which carries out reforms, before all, is responsible for reforms and it does not depend, exclusively, on available donor’s support.

Partners and projects



Newsletter Signup


Free info phone number

 080 02 22 33
 e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.